What are some of the immediate treatments for hemroids? There are many ways to end the torment of hemroids. Treatment for hemroids may use home remedies or ìover-the counterî drugs. Some of the methods of treating this condition are the following:
*Eating of high fiber diets. These foods are mostly vegetables and fruits. People who consume large amounts of roughage or dietary fiber rarely have problems on hemorrhoids. It is because dietary fiber (mostly a structural carbohydrates, cellulose) absorbs much water and produces a bulky, heavy and soft stool that makes its elimination easier. This prevents constipation and straining in passing off the waste materials. Constipation is most likely the main cause of hemorrhoids.
*Drink lots of water. This will help the digestive process and at the same time soften the stool.
*Respond to the call of nature immediately. The longer the stool stays in the large intestines, the more compact and harder it will be.
*Take a regular exercise. Walking at a brisk pace will help the digestive system work more efficiently. Also, lack of exercise will make the heart muscle work slowly in returning the blood in the body's veins.
*Keep the rectal area clean at all times. Fecal residue as well as vigorous rubbing with toilet paper can both irritate the skin. Thus, rinsing with plain water while sitting in the toilet is recommended.
*Establish healthy bowel habits and avoid making hemorrhoids worse by blotting gently with white toilet paper moistened with water or cleansing agent after bowel movements, avoiding rubbing the anal area. It is better to wash with soap (no perfume or dyes) and water than wiping with toilet paper.
*To relieve pain and itching, apply ice for 10 minutes many times a day. This must be followed with a warm compress for another 10 or 20 minutes. A sitz bath (sitting on warm water to cover the anal area) for about 15 minutes is recommended many times a day especially after a bowel movement.
*Other comfort measures include, more bed rest, avoid sitting or standing for a long time, wearing of cotton underwear and loose clothing and using a ring or ìdoughnutî cushion when sitting.
What are the treatments of more advanced hemroids?
Depending on the severity of hemroids, the doctor may treat them with medical injections that will shrink them or recommend its removal through surgery. It is suggested that if hemroids produce only mild discomfort, the doctor may suggest over-the-counter creams, ointments, suppositories or pads. These products contain ingredients, such as witch hazel or hydrocortisone, that can relieve pain and itching, at least temporarily. Over-the-counter cream or other product must be used for more than a week unless directed by your doctor because they can cause side effects, such as skin rash, inflammation and skin thinning.
For persistent bleeding or painful hemroids, your doctor may recommend another minimally invasive treatment. Some recommends the following treatments:
*Rubber band ligation. Rubber bands are placed around the base of an internal haemorrhoid to cut off its circulation thus, it withers in a few days. It is effective but is uncomfortable as it causes bleeding.
*Injection (sclerotherapy). A chemical solution is injected into the hemorrhoid tissue to shrink it. It causes less pain but it is also less effective than ligation.
*Coagulation (infrared, laser or bipolar). This allows the small, bleeding, internal hemroids to harden and shrivel. While coagulation has few side effects, there is a higher rate that the hemroids will recur.
A mild anal fissure is usually treated by keeping the stools soft and by using an anesthetic ointment. If there is an ulcer and infection, it may be necessary to surgically remove the fissure.
What are the surgical procedures for treating hemroids?
Hemorrhoidectomy. This involves removal of excessive tissues that cause the bleeding of hemroids. This is the most effective and complete method of removing hemroids. However, it has the highest rate of complications. These complications may include temporary difficulty in emptying the bladder and urinary tract infection. To remove pain which may be experienced by most people, medications may be used. Sitz bath or soaking in warm bath is also beneficial to relieve the pain.
Stapling (also called stapled hemorrhoidectomy or stapled hemorrhoidopexy). It blocks blood flow to the tissue with hemrhoids. Stapled hemorrhoidectomy is the newest surgical technique for treating hemorrhoids and the choice for third-degree hemorrhoids. It usually involves lesser pain than hemorrhoidectomy. However, it has been associated with a greater risk of recurrence and rectal prolapse.